Saturday, September 19, 2009

Administrative Challenges in India

India is country with lot diversity. It is believed that if you travel every 100 km the language dialect will change, if you travel every 500km there is a change in the way people live,if you travel every 200 km there is change in food habits,there are around 1000 languages and equal number religions and so wide is the people's thought.

Administration becomes easier if there is some sort of uniformity. In India,if there is any uniformity it is only in diversity i.e diversification is spread uniformally. In otherwords to put it simply we see diversity everywhere.And Administration becomes really challenging in this diversified environment. More over diversity is in huge chunk i.e population !! .Only Sheer size of this population really becomes a monster for administrator. So in these scenario how to administer is a big question.

Let us see the some aspects that an administrator has to take care -

.Region and religion
.People's ignorance

Region and religion
India is geographically so varied that there are very few places where there is no 'natural problems'.At one place  it rains and one place there is no rain .One place there is flood and at other there is severe drought.( ofcourse there are some man made drought too).Apart from this region to region living style of people change and also religion If for region one policy is applicable and for other region you need to come up with something else.And since there are numerous religion people in the same region also calls for policy diversification. So to evolve a solution to the problem becomes secondary in most of the cases but to look for a solution which satisfies all the people ( because of political gains in some cases ) or a majority of the people who are in that particular region becomes important because majority gives the VOTE.

People's ignorance
Partly illiteracy is contributing to this. Most of the citizen's doesnt know what are the benifits that they are entitled to from the governament. They are not aware of their rights and becoming scapegoats of this ghost called corruption at every step. If this is one sort of ignorance , there is other sort of ignorance. Say a politician or a film actor dies , because of this people commit suicide or people start violence. Who has to tell them that the person who is dead cant be brought back but your life is as precious as theirs. Recently in AP when  the CM YSR died of an unfortunate accident nearly 200 people committed suicide , what is the need ? these kinds of incidences happen due to sheer ignorance of people.

And worst is , it is not only illiterate people who are ignorant but also well and sophisticatedly educated people act in a most embarassing manner ( for example 'educated terrorists'). And even these people look for shorter and individual gains rather than public well being. I had to quote a recent incidence here which I came across.The MLA of our area had come to check for people's grievances ( one of those rare MLA who atleast bothered to come !!!) and people who are well educated ,instead of discussing the genuine problem with him , were discussing how the foot path infront of their house is to be constructed by the muncipality!!!

With having 1/6 the of the world's population and the available resources are not utilised so as to be beneficial to most and this mis-management of resources coupled with scarcity of resources would throw a catastrophe. So it is becoming increasingly difficult for the administration to provide even the basic needs for the people.

Though our most politicians themselves are ignorant and illiterate ( and in worst cases criminals too) they have a bright mind in playing provocative and populist politics.Provocative in the sense regional and religious provocation, populist in the sense - coming up with plans for shorter gains without thinking of future implications. And most of the times politicians will spend time in correcting / modifying or completely scraping what has been done in the previous regime without actually doing impact analysis. What I mean here is - if accidently some party comes up with a novel plan with real concern for people ,the next regime will change those plans because of political gains.

The corruption has become institutionalized to such an extent that , if by devine intervention you see some honest people you will see him as in efficient and doubt his actions. The real problem is people are increasing adopting themselves to corruption either being part of the corruption or by involving in the corruption. This has become a vicious circle.For example if a civil engineer is killed for not paying Rs 25 lakh of party fund then is it not like telling from the top that 'see you have to be corrupt in order to give us the money' or else how a sincere governament employee can pay such a huge amount?

Poverty is one of the main reason why people tend to look for short term gain.And this is the reason why peoplecan be manipulated either during a implementation of a plan or during an election.Because of this it will be very difficult to convince the people of larger and future implications of the shorter gains.Poverty can also causes law and order problem . Imagine a person whose family is dying of starvation and didnt have anything to eat for days together , and a person approaches him and offers a hundred rupee note to pelt a stone at a vehicle then do you think he will listen or think about the morality.

Silver lining
However even in these extremely hostile environment it is good to see that we are progreesing slowly and steadily.Our growth rate may not be the one which can be compared to either Germany or Japan ( after their devastation in World War-II) but satisfying factor is we are not regressing.And if we think India is still in one single piece it is because of 'something which is going right' and it is because of this there are some administrator who are really 'Iron Frame' of the country. Otherwise we would not have seen RTI ( right to information),right to education , women reservation etc.

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